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線上展覽 Exhibits

Baba Beski's Garden - Public garden and memorial in Gorgan, Iran

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獎項優選 Distinction;

國家或地區Iran 伊朗

公司/團隊 ZAV Architects

設計師姓名 ( Mohammadreza Ghodousi、 Fateme Rezaei Fakhr-e Astaneh、 Golnaz Bahrami、 Fereshteh Assadzadeh)

作品介紹

幾乎每個伊朗人都記得那位留著白鬍子名叫Baba Beski,亦稱Dr. Gholamali Beski的老醫生。他出現在國家電視頻道上,穿著那身經典的白袍,熱切地談論自然資源如何面臨急迫的危險,而人類應該過上一個更健康、更環保的生活。同時他還背誦了波斯古典詩歌中的幾句詩詞,激動熱淚盈眶。數年來他教導許多崇拜者和追隨者。還在世的時候,這位醫生兼環保主義者儼然變成了某種現代的神祕酋長,他的生活充滿對自然的極端熱愛,甚至將畢生的財產全部奉獻。 在他過世之後,他的直系親屬委託ZAV建築師事務所在這位老醫師生前居住的大型自然花園內為他設計建造一座墓園。他在這座私人花園裡的屋舍內過了一輩子,旁邊伴隨著一棟小圖書館和其他小設施。而在他與世長辭後,他將永遠長眠於此地。 ZAV建築師事務所提出重新將這座花園設計成一個向公眾開放的空間,如同許多歷史悠久的著名私人花園後來改建成為對外開放的都市公園,讓大家從事遊憩和休閒活動。透過這樣的方式,他的墳地便能從一座空間有限的墳墓延伸至整座花園,進而成為一座名副其實的活紀念館,讓他的粉絲大眾在各個角落都能緬懷這位領袖,甚至帶給大家如朝聖般的體驗。 Baba Beski的遺體被埋在他日常生活的空間旁。雖然肉體早已腐爛,不過他仍會逐漸演化成這些草木植物的生命體,使整座花園更加茂盛繁榮。在這接近生與死的地域,這兩個看起來相似但卻不盡相斥的概念糾纏正是於整個設計過程中最令我們感興趣的地方。 重新設計這座花園,人造結構和自然形態在枯萎(朝向死亡和虛無)與不完整(朝向生命和生長)之間的永久邊緣狀態相互融合。比如新的建築物和翻新之部份特意保留的不完整結構:有時一棟建築物向大自然的力量敞開自我反而是為了能加速其變成廢墟,甚或通道只能透過泥土塑形使之平整,且避免使用新的固定材料,於是乎,通道便可隨著時間變化改造。 對不完整設計之渴望實際反映在由編織鋼筋製成的結構上。當其表面隨著時間的流逝逐漸生鏽並被綠色植物覆蓋時,它便會不斷地發生變化,同時呈現出一種令人迷惑的恐怖樣貌,既不完整又模糊不清。此結構未完成之斷片部分將會被分散於整座花園各處,且各自具備不同的功能。它們可以成為加固現有建築物的結構、牆蓋、懸掛在墳物上的遮蔽物、連接的路徑或橋梁、一件家具或僅作為一個不完整性結構的提示,不過終究會有人能找到它的用處。 以目前的狀態來說,整座花園是對外開放的。墓園已經建好,而其他的工程還在陸續進行中。 簡報 Baba Beski是一個如酋長般的伊朗環保主義者,而在他過世之後,家屬也按照其遺願將他安葬在他平日生活的私人花園中。整座花園被重新設計成一個紀念館,讓他生前的追隨者得隨時緬懷並探訪,繼續遵循他對於生命和自然的理念。花園裡的建築物,包括他的圖書館和墳地及其他設施,皆呈現出不完整性設計的各種階段。這些表現充分體現在編織鋼筋製成的結構上,不斷被大自然改變或征服。 就目前的狀態來說,整座花園是對外開放的。墓園已經建好,而其他的工程還在陸續進行中。

Almost everyone in Iran remembers the white-bearded old man that was Baba Beski, aka Dr. Gholamali Beski, appearing on national TV always wearing his signature white clothes, speaking passionately about how natural resources are in immediate danger and how humans ought to live a healthier and a more environmental-friendly life, reciting a few verses of classic Persian poetry along as his eyes got wet with tears. He educated many devotees and disciples over the years. A physician and environmentalist that, during his lifetime, turned into a sort of modern-day mystic Sheikh, he adopted a life-style driven by an extreme love for nature and gave up and donated all his belongings for this end. After his death, his immediate family commissioned ZAV Architects to design and build a tomb for him inside the large natural garden where he used to live. He spent his days in his house, a small library and other small facilities that were located in this private garden, and after death his body was buried there. ZAV Architects proposed to redesign the garden as a space open to public, just like the many famous old historic private gardens that were turned into inner city parks open to all for enjoyment and leisure activities. This way, His tomb would be extended from the limited space of his grave to a whole garden, as a living memorial where his many fans can remember him in its every corner, in an almost pilgrimage-like experience. Baba Beski's body is buried next to spaces of his everyday living. He is thought to be perished but he is also growing into the living texture of vegetation that make the garden be. This vicinity of life and death, this entanglement of two seemingly but not necessarily opposite concepts, is what interested us in the design process. In re-designing the garden, man-made structures and nature morph into one another, in a perpetual limbo state between perishing (towards death and nothingness) and incompleteness (towards life and growth). For instance new buildings and renovations are left incomplete on purpose, sometimes an existing building is left open to the forces of nature in order to turn into a ruin faster, or paths are beaten only by shaping earth, avoiding new fixed materials, and therefore leaving the paths an option to change and adapt with time. The aspiration to design incompleteness resulted physically in a structure made of woven rebar. With its surface gradually rusting and greenery climbing and covering it as time goes by, it changes incessantly, displaying an ambiguous and ghost-like look that is unfinished and vague. Fragments of this structure will be scattered all over the garden and take different functions when applied, they can become the structure reinforcing an existing building, the wall providing cover, the shade hanging over the grave, a connecting path or a bridge, a furniture, or simply a structure that is there as a reminder of incompleteness and for which someone will definitely find a use. At its current state, the garden is open to public, the tomb has been built while other constructions are still on-going. Briefing Baba Beski is a sheikh-like Iranian environmentalist who upon his wish was buried in the same private garden where he used to live after passing away. The entire garden, which is re-designed as a memorial for his followers to remember and visit him, follows his ideas about human life and nature. The buildings inside the garden, including his library and tomb among others, display different stages of incompleteness of design, embodied in structures made of woven rebar constantly being changed or conquered by nature. At its current state, the garden is open to public, the tomb has been built while other constructions are still on-going.

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